Keep Your Memory Sharp

Many factors can affect your ability to remember – a hectic lifestyle, aging, stress, chronic disease, and certain medicines. But, there are steps you can take to sharpen your mind and help preserve your memory.

Challenge Your Brain

Regularly challenging your mind may help to keep it in top shape. Mental exercises that you can try include:

  • Crossword puzzles—Use a dictionary if you need it; you will learn more that way.
  • Brainteasers— Try some!
  • Crafts, such as wood working or sewing
  • Hobbies, such as gardening or building model airplanes
  • Socializing—Visit old friends or join groups to meet new ones.
  • Reading
  • Learning a new language
  • Taking a class, whether it be art history or tai chi
  • Traveling—Experience the food, history, and culture of your destination
  • Learning to use a new electronic device
  • Going to museums, the theater, or thought-provoking movies
  • Changing things in your daily life, such as reversing your pattern in the grocery store or brushing your teeth using your nondominant hand

Use Memory Aids

There is no need to remember every detail on your own. These memory aids can help:

  • Calendars and day planners
  • Electronic organizers to store all sorts of helpful information—These devices can “beep” to remind you of appointments.
  • A book of days to record birthdays, anniversaries, and other occasions that occur on the same date every year
  • Detailed “to-do” lists and strategically placed sticky notes
  • Quick “study” sessions—Before a gathering, review who will be there so their names will be fresh in your mind.
  • Establish routines—For example, keep your keys, wallet, and umbrella in the same place all the time or take medicine with your morning glass of juice.

Live a Healthy Life

Many actions that will keep your body strong will do the same for your mind. For example:

Exercise Regularly

Among the many benefits of regular exercise are increased blood flow to the brain and decreased risk of certain diseases that can interfere with memory function. One study found that even moderate exercise has a beneficial effect. Examples of moderate exercise include:

  • Playing basketball
  • Doing water aerobics
  • Walking two miles

On a daily basis, try to set aside 30 minutes for exercise. You can also break up the 30 minutes, so that you do three, 10-minute sessions.

Manage Stress

It can be tough to remember what is important when your mind is cluttered. Make time for relaxation. Choose activities that calm you down, and make it routine.

Minimize Medications

Talk to your doctor about the medicines that you take. Some may be unnecessary. Also, healthy lifestyle habits may lower the need for certain drugs.

Talk to Your Doctor About Herbs and Supplements

Malnutrition and vitamin deficiencies can impair your mental function. For example, vitamin B12 deficiency can cause a range of symptoms, including confusion. But, what if your nutritional needs are being met? Can herbs and supplements still offer a benefit? Researchers have investigated a range of natural remedies, such as ginkgo, ginseng, and the supplement phosphatidylserine (PS). So far, though, the evidence is inconsistent as to whether these products can improve memory or thinking.

If you are interested in taking herbs and supplements, talk to your doctor first because they may interact with other medicines that you are taking.

Manage Chronic Conditions

Side effects of high blood pressure, diabetes, and heart disease can interfere with mental function. Many of the lifestyle steps discussed here can help manage these conditions. Strive to eat a healthy diet, exercise regularly, learn healthy ways to handle stress, and follow your doctor’s advice for your condition.


Memory loss with aging: what’s normal, what’s not. Family website.

Moderate-level physical activities. National Heart Lung and Blood Institute website.

Ginkgo biloba for preventing cognitive decline in older adults: a randomized trial. JAMA. 2009;302:2663-2670.


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